While Primary Education is a basic enabling factor for participation and freedom,
for trading a life with dignity and overcoming basic deprivation, secondary education
is the gateway for prosperity, for transforming the economy and establishing social
justice in any country.It opens the world of work to the youth of the country and
contributes to socio economic development of the Community. Secondary Education
is a crucial stage in the educational hierarchy as it prepares the students for
higher education and also the world of work. With the liberalization and globalization
of the Indian economy, the rapid changes witnessed in scientific and technological
world and the general need to improve the quality of life and to reduce poverty,
it is essential that schools leavers acquire a higher level of knowledge and skills
than what they are provided in the eight years of elementary education, particularly
when the average earnng of a secondary school certificate holder is significantly
higher than that of a person who has studied only up to class VIII.
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) scheme was launched in March, 2009 with
the objective to enhance access to secondary education and to improve its quality.
The implementation of the scheme in the state was started from 2009-10. The
various objectives of this scheme include improving quality of education imparted
at secondary level through making all secondary schools conform to prescribed norms,
removing gender, socio-economic and disability barriers, providing universal access
to secondary level education by 2017, i.e., by the end of 12th Five Year Plan and
achieving universal retention by 2020.
Important physical facilities provided under the scheme are:
Important quality interventions provided under the scheme are:
- Additional class rooms,
- Art and crafts room,
- Toilet blocks,
- Drinking water provisions and
- Residential Hostels for Teachers in remote areas.
Important equity interventions provided in the scheme are:
- appointment of additional teachers to reduce PTR to 30:1,
- focus on Science, Math and English education,
- In-service training of teachers,
- science laboratories,
- ICT enabled education,
- curriculum reforms; and
- teaching learning reforms.
- special focus in micro planning
- preference to Ashram schools in upgradation
- preference to areas with concentration of SC/ST/Minority for opening of schools
- special enrolment drive for the weaker section
- more female teachers in schools; and
- separate toilet blocks for girls.