Sarv Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is Government of India's flagship programme for achievement
of universalization of Elementary Education (UEE) in a time bound manner, as mandated
by 86th amendment to the Constitution of India making free and compulsory Education
to the Children of 6-14 years age group, a Fundamental Right.
SSA is being implemented in partnership with State Governments to cover the entire
country and address the needs of 192 million children in 1.1 million habitations.
The programme seeks to open new schools in those habitations which do not have schooling
facilities and strengthen existing school infrastructure through provision of additional
class rooms, toilets, drinking water, maintenance grant and school improvement grants.
The SSA programme aims to provide:
- A clear time-frame for universal elementary education.
- A response to the demand for quality basic education all over the country.
- An opportunity for promoting social justice through basic education.
- An effort at effectively involving the Panchayati Raj institutions, the School Management
Committees, the Village Education Committees, the Parents’ Teachers’ Associations,
the Mother Teacher Associations, the Tribal Autonomous Councils in the management
of elementary schools.
- An expression of political will not universal elementary education at the highest
- A partnership between the Central, State and the local government.
- An opportunity for States to develop their own vision of elementary education.
A look at the chart below reveals the sharp increase in SSA and the Right to Education
funding to Maharashtra from the central government. The figures are a clear indicator
of the work being done and the seriousness of the State Government and the SSA Office
in Maharashtra in formulating a budget with sound data backing.