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SSA Framework
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is an effort to universalize elementary education by community-owner ship of the school system.
It is a response to the demand for quality basic education for improving human capabilities to the poorest children, through provision of community-owned all over the country. The SSA programme is also an attempt to provide an opportunity quality education in a mission mode.


Why a Framework for Implementation (and not Guideline) -
  • To allow states to formulate context-specific guidelines within the overall framework.
  • To encourage districts in States and UTs to reflect local specificity.
  • To encourage local need based on broad National Policy norms.
  • To make planning a realistic exercise by adopting broad national norms.
  • The objectives are expressed nationally though it is expected that various districts and States are likely to achieve universalisation in their own respective context and in their own frame time.
  • The emphasis is on main streaming out-of-school children through diverse strategies, and on providing eight years of schooling for all children 6-14 age group.
  • The thrust is on closing of gender and social gaps and a total retention of all children in schools.
  • The education system has to be made relevant so that children and parents find the schooling system useful, absorbing, and most of all, non-alienating from their natural and social environment.

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan as a Framework and as a Programme
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) has two aspects:
  • I ) It provides a wide convergent framework for implementation of Elementary Education schemes
  • II) It is also a programme with budget provision for strengthening vital areas to achieve universalisation of elementary education. While all investments in the elementary education sector from the State and Central Plans will reflect as part of the SSA framework, they will all merge into the SSA programme within the next few years. As a programme, it reflects the additional resource provision for UEE.

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