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Elemantary Education Scenario
The value of education has been well-appreciated in Maharashtra and the state is making progress every day in this regard. Maharashtra’s literacy rate is higher than the national average and second highest among major states in the country as per Census 2011. Male literacy rate has reached almost 90% and female literacy rate has crossed 75%.
Gender gap in literacy rate is also reducing. The number of educational institutions, teachers and enrolment figures has increased between 2001 and 2010. The gender gap in enrolment at elementary level is less than 6%, but is more than 15% at secondary and higher secondary levels.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) has strengthened basic infrastructural facilities in most schools. Pupil Teacher Ratio is also less than 1: 40 in about 95% schools. However, improving learning achievement level is a greater challenge for the state.

Literacy Rate:-
Literacy Rate (in %)
(7 yrs & above)
Pupil Teacher Ratio % of female teacher % of single teacher school Gender gap in enrollment
(in %) primary level
Gender gap in enrollment
(in %) upper primary level
Person Male Female
82.91 89.82 75.48 30.13 44.42 3.31 5.75 6.42


Elementary Schools and infrastructure facilities, 2010-11:-
The state, in year 2010-11, had 97,256 Elementary schools of which 49,085 are Primary schools, 48,171 are Upper Primary schools and 5,595 are Secondary and Higher secondary schools. Of the total number of Elementary schools, 67,241 (69%) are Government managed schools and 30,015 (31%) schools are private managed schools. The ratio of Primary to Upper primary schools is 1.64, which is lower than the norm (2).

Out-of-school children (6-13+ years), 2009 (in %):-
MHRD, Government of India conducted a sample survey to identify out-of-school children through IMRB-SRI in year 2009 and estimated 81.51 lakh (4.28%) out-of school children in the country in the age group 6-13 years. It is estimated that in Maharashtra there are 2,07,345 (1.27%) out-of- school children, which is very low compared to the national average. Among out-of-school children, 59% children have never enrolled and 41% are drop outs.
  • 26.75% disabled children are out-of-school.
  • Age, social group, BPL status play a significant and disability plays an even more significant role in child’s schooling.
Out of School children in India
(6-13 years) = 81.51 lakh (4.28%)
Out of School children in Maharashtra
(6-13 years) = 207,345 (1.27%)
Never Enrolled = 59% Dropouts = 41%

Expenditure on Elementary Education:-
Per student average annual expenditure by household on Primary education is Rs.1,696/-, on Upper Primary is Rs. 2,400 and on Secondary and Higher Secondary is Rs.4,157/-. This expenditure includes tuition fees, private coaching, uniform, stationary and transport. (Report number 532, 64th round survey, NSSO, 2007-08)
  • The state Government made provisions of Rs. 26,443.63 crore for school education (Rs. 13,670.16 crore for Elementary education and Rs. 12,773.47 crore on Secondary education) for year 2011-12.
  • Percentage of expenditure on school education to the total budget of Government of Maharashtra was 20.47% in year 1998-99. It reduced sharply and reached 11.82% in year 2004- 05 and thereafter increased and reached 14.19% in year 2009-10.
  • While expenditure under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) was Rs. 604.58 crore in year 2005-06, it increased to Rs. 1378.72 crore during year 2010-11.
  • Expenditure during 2010-11 was 66.37% of total approved outlay (Rs. 2077.44 crore) under SSA.

Education Pattern in Maharashtra:-
Education for State (i.e.) 10+2+3 (15 years of schooling leading to the first degree) the first 10 years constituting school education comprising of 4 years primary level and 3 years of Upper Primary level and 3 years of High School level with a public examination at the end of 10th class and 12th class constituting the Secondary & Higher Secondary respectively with a Board Examination. State RTE Rules-2011, have been notified on 11th October, 2011 and we are in the process of adopting Elementary cycle 5+3+2+2+3.

Education Region wise Districts, DIETs and Municipal Corporations:-
There are 8 Education Regions, 35 districts, 33 DIETs & 24 Municipal Corporations in Maharashtra. The details are as follows:
Sr. No. Education Region Districts DIETs Municipal Corporation
1. Aurangabad Aurangabad Aurangabad Aurangabad
Jalna Jalna
Parbhani Parbhani
Hingoli Hingoli
Beed Ambejogai
2. Latur Latur Murud Latur
Osmanabad Osmanabad
Nanded Nanded Nanded- Waghala
3. Nagpur Nagpur Nagpur Nagpur
Wardha Wardha
Chandrapur Chandrapur
Bhandara Bhandara
Gondia Gondia
Gadchiroli Gadchiroli
4. Amravati Amravati Amravati Amravati
Akola Akola Akola
Washim Washim
Buldhana Buldhana
Yavatmal Yavatmal
5 Nashik Nashik Nashik Nashik
Malegaon
Dhule Dhule Dhule
Nandurbar Nandurbar
Jalgaon Jalgaon Jalgaon
6. Pune Pune Loni Kalbhor Pune
Pimpri-Chinchwad
Ahamadnagar Sangamner Ahamadnagar
Solapur Solapur Solapur
7. Kolhapur Kolhapur Kolhapur Kolhapur
Satara Phaltan
Sangli Sangli Sangli – Miraj – Kupwad
Ratnagiri Ratnagiri
Sindhudurg Sindhudurg
8. Mumbai Thane Jawhar Thane
Kalyan – Dombivali
Ulhasnagar
Navi Mumbai
Bhiwandi – Nizampur
Mira – Bhayandar
Vasai - Virar
Raigad Panvel
Mumbai City Mumbai
Mumbai (Sub.)

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