As mentioned in SSA framework children especially girls in marginalized, underprivileged
communities and minorities face discrimination in schools, by peers and by the system.
In the context of the complex nature of inequality embedded in the social structure
the strategies adopted so far have tended to be somewhat isolated and fragmented.
An in depth understanding of the realities of the situations faced marginalized
children at community and school level is required. It is also required to build
capacity of the officers and teachers towards equity issues.
Maharashtra’s literacy rate is higher than the national average and second highest
among major states in the country as per Census 2011. Male literacy rate has reached
almost 90% and female literacy rate has crossed 75%. Gender gap in literacy rate
is also reducing. In the case of male literacy districts, only two districts (Nandurbar
and Gadchiroli) and in case of female literacy rates, six districts (Nandurbar,
Hingoli, Parbhani, Gadchiroli, Beed and Jalna) are lower than the National Average
as per 2011 census.
As per DISE data over the last six years, the share of girl’s enrolment remains
more or less constant. It has decreased by 0.5 % at upper primary level indicating
higher drop-out of the girls. Learning achievements among rural children and girls
is slightly better than urban children and boys as per NCERT Mid term study for
class III children whereas, the learning achievements of Class V shows no significant
difference between the performance of boys and girls.
For improving the current state of girl’s education, the State has adopted a strategy
in line with National Vision for Girls Education in India – Roadmap to 2015
as detailed below:
- Gender training for teachers, teacher educators and administrative personnel.
- Community mobilization and awareness creations on RTE entitlements for girls.
- Advocacy and implementation support from SMCs.
- Pre-school opportunities are available to all girls.
- SMC and community support to school for retention of girls.
- Identification, special training and mainstreaming of out-of school girls.
- Girl-friendly school and classroom environment.