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Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya
Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) is a scheme launched in July 2004, for setting up residential schools at upper primary level for girls belonging predominantly to the SC, ST, OBC and minority communities. The scheme is being implemented in educationally backward blocks of the country where the female rural literacy is below the national average and gender gap in literacy is above the national average. KGBVs will be set up in those EBBs that do not have residential schools for elementary education of girls under any other scheme of Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment and Ministry of Tribal Affair. The scheme provides for a minimum reservation of 75% of the seats for girls belonging to SC, ST, OBC or minority communities and priority for the remaining 25%, is accorded to girls from families below poverty line.

  • To ensure access to the disadvantaged girls
  • To provide quality of education to all girls
  • To make school environment girl child friendly

Target Beneficiaries:
  • Out of school girls who are unable to complete Upper Primary education in difficult area
  • Adolescent girls who are unable to go regular school (upper primary level)
  • Younger girls of migratory population in difficult areas / scattered habitation that do not qualify for a school
  • Priority of 75% enrolment to girls from SC/ST/OBC and minorities communities and 25% to girls from BPL

Strategy and component:
  • To set up residential schools where minimum of 50 girls from SC/ST and minorities available to study. The number can be more than 50 depending on the number of eligible girls
  • To provide necessary infrastructure for these schools
  • To prepare and procure TLM and aids for the schools
  • To put in place appropriate system to provide necessary academic, evaluation and monitoring support
  • To motivate and prepare girls and their families to send them to Residential Schools

The scheme of KGBV has played a significant role in narrowing gender gap in the educationally backward blocks of Maharashtra. The scheme was launched in 2004-05. It has been implemented in 40 blocks out of sanctioned 43 KGBVs in the State. A total of 4,159 girls have been enrolled in 43 KGBVs. All the KGBVs are of Model I, comprising 100% of the targeted enrolment. Out of 43 KGBV, 28 are run through SSA and 15 by NGOs. Each KGBV has sanctioned 14 posts of Teaching & Non-Teaching staff. Out of 560 sanctioned posts 308 are in position. The KGBVs have been effective in getting the out-of-school girls in school and the scheme is functioning well.

The total budget sanctioned was approximately Rs. 2580 lakh in 2011-2012 Budget and has shown a marked increase from that allotted in the previous year.

Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya Budget

Status of category wise enrolment of KGBVs as on Jan, 2012:
Model No. of KGBVs sanctioned No. of KGBVs operational No. of girls enrolled
SC ST OBC BPL Min Other Total
I 43 43 768 1866 325 416 71 713 4159
% of Enrolment of operational KGBVs 18.47 44.87 7.81 10.00 1.71 17.14 100.00

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