Maharashtra Prathamik Shikshan Parishad Maharashtra Prathamik
Shikshan Parishad
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Maharashtra is the second largest State in India after Uttar Pradesh as far as population is concerned. According to the Population Census 2011, population of Maharashtra was 11.2 crore contributing to 9.4% of the total country’s population. State has 10.2% Scheduled caste and 8.8% scheduled tribe population. The growth of urban population in the State is rapid as compared to other States. Since the State is highly urbanized as compared to other major States, it is worthwhile to note the density of the population (i.e. number of persons per sq. km.) which is 365. The level of urbanization is continuously increasing in Maharashtra from the year 1961 to 2001 and rapid growth is still expected in the current decade in view of the increasing trend since 1961.

The State has given importance to primary education, which has resulted in consistent improvement in literacy rate. The literacy rate of the State is 76.9% as against 64.8% at national level as per Census 2001. The State has excellent higher educational institutions in the fields of engineering, medical and management.


11.2 Cr (India: 121.2 Cr)

Geographical Area (Sq Km)

308,000 (India: 3,287,240)

Population Density (People/Sq Km)

315 (India: 325)

Main Languages

English, Hindi, Marathi


42% (India: 27.8%)

Literacy Rate

76.9% (India: 64.8%, second after Kerala)

Sex Ratio (Females/1000 Males)

922 (India: 933)

Distribution of population by age group
Age Structure Age-group wise distribution of the population shows that 63% of the population belonged to the age group 15 to 64 which may be considered as the major potential workforce. 32% of population is in the age group 0-15 which also signifies future workforce of the state.
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